Treatment Evidence

Twin Town Outcomes & Benefits

Evidence demonstrates that Twin Town clients significantly reduce their potential for relapse while diminishing their needs for emergency medical services.

9 to 12 month post-discharge follow-ups on client-patients who engaged in treatment at Twin Town ago, (N=42 regardless of their discharge status):


were abstinent for the past three months


were abstinent since engaging in treatment


avoided further arrest


avoided the need for emergency services


continue in 12-Step Recovery


encounter improvement at work/ with their career


engaged in continued, community-based therapy

Twin Town Treatment Centers coordinates SUD treatment with community-based medical, mental health, and other providers of treatment and support through appropriate client-patient centered consent and case-management.

Twin Town doesn’t fragment existing therapeutic alliances by trying to provide everything to the client-patient. We cross-refer and coordinate care.

Evidence of Reduced Emergency Department Visits Post-Treatment

Twin Town contracted with PATH, CCM which conducted a substance use disorder (SUD) treatment outcome study using a national data set of 260M lives over 3 years. The study compared Twin Town data to all other Southern California SUD treatment facilities. Annual post-treatment emergency department (ED) visits per patient were measured.

Twin Town patients demonstrated significantly lower ED utilization compared with the comparative group (patients treated elsewhere):

67 % utilization


60 % utilization


53 % utilization


Twin Town patient emergency department visits, post-discharge were 40-50% lower than the average for patients from other Southern California SUD treatment programs.

UCLA, SAMHSA, DHCS and Advocates for Human Potential (AHP) selected Twin Town Treatment Centers to participate in a pilot demonstration of evidence based treatment of stimulant disorders. The goal is to create best-practices in the treatment of methamphetamine and cocaine use disorders. Clinical staff training and supervision, and evidence based treatment implementation and measurement will further our expertise at engaging and effectively treating stimulant use disorders.

Information may be accessed at

Drug Abuse Treatment & Group Counseling, Treatment Results & Outcome Studies

74% of Twin Town clients complete the primary phase of treatment compared to the national average of 38%. 76% of clients completed the primary phase of treatment in FY 2007. Twin Town Outcome/ CQI Studies, 2009

Comparison of Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes for Inpatients and Outpatients…to determine whether inpatient substance abuse treatment was associated with higher post treatment abstinence rates than outpatient treatment… (S)etting was not significantly associated with abstinence once other outcome predictors and differences between inpatients and outpatients were controlled for… recent suicidal behavior was found to be a moderator of the association between setting and outcome. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Patricia A Harrison, PhD, Stephen E Asche, MA

Drug abuse treatment programs can significantly increase the likelihood that patients will stay in treatment and remain abstinent by offering them more groups and individual counseling opportunities and encouraging them to participate in complementary 12-step programs, such as Narcotics Anonymous.

Patients who attended more individual and group counseling sessions had significantly lower levels of drug use during and after treatment than those who participated less frequently. Even among patient who completed the treatment program, those who participated more frequently in counseling had lower rates of relapse than those who participated less.

Patients in the enhanced programs (more frequency of counseling sessions and visits) used drugs forty (40) percent less than did patients in comparison programs in the six (6) months following an initial in-treatment assessment; in the last month, they used drugs sixty (60) percent less. Frequency of patients’ participation in individual and group counseling accounted for virtually all of the differences in post-treatment drug use (rather than patient characteristics).

Patients who attended at least one 12-step meeting per week after completing drug abuse treatment had much lower levels of drug use than those who participated less frequently or not at all. The more favorable outcomes of frequent 12-step participants could not be attributed to differences in motivation or to other post-treatment activities, such as attending other aftercare programs.

Eight (8) months after the initial intake interview showed that patients who attended 12-step meetings at least once a week while they were participating in conventional drug abuse treatment had significantly higher rates of abstinence than patients who participated in only one or the other of those programs.

These findings suggest an “additive effect” on the recovery process from concurrent participation in drug abuse treatment and 12-step programs. Dr. Fiorentine says, “You get a better outcome with both than if you do either alone.” Fiorentine, R.,, “After treatment: Are 12 Step Programs effective in maintaining abstinence?”, “Does increasing the opportunity for counseling increase the effectiveness of outpatient drug treatment”, “Counseling participation and the effectiveness of outpatient drug treatment”, “Drug treatment and twelve-step program participation: The additive effects of integrated recovery activities”. American J. Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1997/9; J. Substance Abuse Treatment 1996, 2003

“Patients who stay in treatment longer than 3 months usually have better outcomes than those who stay less time.” NIDA

Drug and alcohol abusing people are significantly more likely to be hospitalized or have an ER visit. After outpatient treatment, researchers found a thirty-five percent (35%) decrease in hospitalization, a thirty-nine percent (39%) decrease in ER services and an overall twenty-six percent (26%) decrease in medical costs. Kaiser Permanente, Sacramento 2001

“Patients who go through medically assisted withdrawal (DETOX) to minimize discomfort but do not receive any further treatment, perform about the same in terms of their drug use as those who were never treated.” NIDA